Evidence-based Approach

SEADS tracks and uses evaluations, reviews, and impact assessments of agriculture interventions in emergencies to form our evidence base.

We use an evidence check list to categorize documents as strong, moderate, or weak. The checklist is based on guidelines for evaluation produced by the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development and United States Agency for International Development; experience with developing the LEGS Impact Database; and commonly used criteria for the peer review of scientific journal papers.

SEADS Evidence Checklist Indicators

Click here for an explanation of the indicators.
Livelihoods context is clearly understood and described
Livelihoods impacts are measured and analyzed
Evaluation design is aligned to intervention objectives
Design, methods, biases, and limitations are clearly described
Different interventions are compared where possible
Mixed methods and triangulation are used
Measurements and indicators are relevant
Sampling is appropriate relative to time and cost
Social equity component is considered
Plausibility statements are included
Attribution is analyzed
Findings flow clearly to the conclusions

Stronger Evidence

The SEADS Evidence Database contains the main documents we used to develop SEADS. The Database is a simple spreadsheet that lists the documents by region, country, type of emergency, and type of intervention, with links to each document. The Database can be downloaded here:

If you have evaluations or impact assessments that you would like to add to the database, please contact the SEADS Coordinator.


Emergency Agriculture Interventions: Reviewing evidence on the impacts on livelihoods, food security, and nutrition

By Andy Catley, Racey Henderson, and Anne Radday

April 2021


Webinar: SEADS Public Consultation Launch

This webinar kicked off the public consultation of the SEADS Handbook. During the event, the SEADS Coordinator provided an overview of the handbook, showed participants around the public consultation platform, gave tips to make the feedback process as easy as possible, and answered questions from participants.

The SEADS Public Consultation was open from January 17 through February 4, 2022.

Webinar: Emergency Agriculture Projects—Do they work and how do we know?

In May 2021 SEADS hosted a webinar asking the questions “Do emergency agriculture projects work? How do we know?” USAID’s Bureau for Humanitarian Assistance chaired the event and welcomed panelists from ALNAP, the UK’s Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office, and the Norwegian Refugee Council.

The SEADS Coordinator presented the results of the SEADS evidence review, which compiled evidence on the impacts of emergency agriculture projects on people’s livelihoods, food security, and nutrition. Panelists endorsed the main finding of the review – that evidence of impact is very limited – and discussed how impact evaluation and learning could be strengthened. The participants also recognized the need to build a stronger evidence base to support emergency agriculture programs.

Webinar: Agricultural livelihoods in emergencies: help SEADS determine how best to intervene

This 75 minute webinar introduced SEADS. It featured: Adam Riddell, SEADS Steering Group; Isaac Jebaseelan, SEADS Field Team; and Racey Henderson, SEADS Coordinator. The speakers provided an overview of the SEADS project, described why the humanitarian and agriculture sectors need standards, discussed how the SEADS standards are being developed, and explained how people could be involved in the early stages of the project.


The SEADS handbook will be available in late 2022.


The SEADS handbook will be available in late 2022.

Humanitarian Standards Partnership

The SEADS Project is using a process similar to that of The Sphere Handbook: Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response (2018) and the Livestock Emergency Guidelines and Standards (LEGS). It will complement the Humanitarian Standards Partnership (HSP) to ensure crucial links between protecting and rebuilding agricultural assets and other areas of humanitarian response. The Humanitarian Standards Partnership is a collaboration between the world’s leading standards setting initiatives which aims to improve the quality and accountability of humanitarian action through the increased application of humanitarian standards. SEADS will seek membership in the HSP when the standards are completed.


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