SEADS is a set of international minimum standards that support humanitarian and development workers to design, implement, and evaluate crop-related crisis responses. SEADS is managed by a Steering Group, which is supported by the coordination team and the field team. The SEADS principles and minimum standards will help you to:


Determine if a crop-related response is appropriate, necessary, and feasible


Prioritize which crop-related response area may achieve livelihood objectives given the context


Track alignment of projects with minimum standards


Measure livelihood impacts from crop-related crisis response


Millions of people around the world who are vulnerable to crises rely heavily on crop production to support their livelihoods. Currently, 40% of the global poor live in economies affected by fragility, conflict, and violence. That number is expected to rise to 67% in the next decade (World Bank 2021).

By protecting and rebuilding crop-based livelihoods before, during, and after a crisis, crop-related crisis response mitigates the impacts of a crisis by contributing to a sustainable food supply and potential sources of income for the very poor.

Foundations of SEADS

SEADS is based on established humanitarian foundations, specifically:


Evidence-based Approach

To develop the 2022 edition of the SEADS Handbook, we drew on a systematic review of over 250 evaluations of crop-related responses in humanitarian crises.

Livelihoods-based approach

Saving lives and livelihoods is a widely recognized core aim of humanitarian programming.

Rights-based Approach

A rights-based approach encourages participation, empowerment, accountability, and non-discrimination when delivering crisis response or development programs.


The Steering Group oversees all SEADS activities, including the production and uptake of the SEADS minimum standards.

Ugo Bernieri

International Committee of the Red Cross

Dina Brick

Catholic Relief Services

Andy Catley

Feinstein International Center, Tufts University
Ludger Jean Simon

Ludger Jean Simon

American University of the Caribbean

Neil Marsland

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Themba Sibanda

Themba Sibanda

Norwegian Refugee Council
Prakash Kant Silwal

Prakash Kant Silwal

International Institute of Tropical Agriculture

Cathy Watson

Livestock Emergency Guidelines and Standards (LEGS)


The coordination team performs the core functions required to support SEADS activities and the Steering Group.

Racey Henderson

SEADS Coordinator

Anne Radday

SEADS Communications Manager


The field team provides critical, practical knowledge and experience to ensure that the perspectives of the communities affected by crises and their governments are included in the development and uptake of the SEADS minimum standards.


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